Melissa Zimdars’ black list of Fake News, Misleading, Clickbait and Satirical Sources

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    False, Misleading, Clickbait-y, and/or Satirical “News” Sources

    Disclaimer 1: All of the contents in this document reflect the opinion of the author and are for educational purposes only. This resource was split into categories around 8:00pm EST on 11/15/16. 

    [This page was downloaded and saved on NewsVoice server on Nov, 17, 2016 for educational purposes]

    CATEGORY 1: Below is a list of fake, false, or regularly misleading websites that are shared on Facebook and social media. Some of these websites may rely on “outrage” by using distorted headlines and decontextualized or dubious information in order to generate likes, shares, and profits. These websites are categorized with the number 1 next to them. 

    CATEGORY 2: Some websites on this list may circulate misleading and/or potentially unreliable information, and they are marked with a 2. 

    CATEGORY 3: Other websites on this list sometimes use clickbait-y headlines and social media descriptions, and they are marked with a 3. 

     CATEGORY 4: Other sources on this list are purposefully fake with the intent of satire/comedy, which can offer important critical commentary on politics and society, but have the potential to be shared as actual/literal news. I’m including them here, for now, because 1.) they have the potential to perpetuate misinformation based on different audience (mis)interpretations and 2.) to make sure anyone who reads a story by The Onion , for example, understands its purpose. If you think this is unnecessary, please see Literally Unbelievable

    Note: I will be updating the categorizations and adding links gradually through the next couple of days. Many of the websites on this list continue to offer valuable journalism and/or satirical commentary. For example, a website included on this list wrote an overall thoughtful piece about the list , but the headline suggests that every source on this list is fake, which misrepresents the list. Finally, I do not condone plug-ins that automatically block any of the websites listed below. And as a reminder, not all of the sources listed below should be considered fake.  

    100PercentFedUp.com (2,3) 

    EnduringVision.com (1) 

    PakAlertPress.com 

    21stCenturyWire.com (2, 3) 

    FPRNradio.com 

    PoliticalBlindSpot.com 

    70news.wordpress.com (1) 

    The Free Thought Project (3) 

    PoliticalEars.com 

    Abcnews.com.co (1) 

    GeoEngineeringWatch.org 

    Politicalo (1) 

    ActivistPost.com (2, 3) 

    *Website Removed* (temporarily) 

    PoliticusUSA 

    Addicting Info (3) 

    GovtSlaves.info 

    PrisonPlanet.com 

    AmericanNews.com (1) 

    GulagBound.com 

    PrisonPlanet.tv 


    AnonNews.co (3) 

    HangTheBankers.com 

    Private-eye.co.uk (includes 4) 

    Associated Media Coverage 

    HumansAreFree.com 

    ProjectVeritas 

    BeforeItsNews.com 

    Huzlers (4) 

    *Website Removed* 

    (temporarily) 

    Being Liberal 

    IfYouOnlyNews 

    React 365 

    BigAmericanNews.com 

    Indecision Forever (1) 

    RealFarmacy.com 

    BigPZone.com 

    IJR (Independent Journal Review) 

    RealNewsRightNow.com (1, 

    4) 

    Bipartisan Report (3) 

    InfoWars (1, 2) 

    RedFlagNews.com 

    BizPac Review 

    Infowars.com 

    Red State (3) 

    Blue Nation Review (2,3) 

    IntelliHub.com 

    Reductress (4) 

    Breitbart (2, 3) 

    Inquisitr.com 

    RileNews.com (1, 4) 

    Call the Cops (4) 

    JonesReport.com 

    Satira Tribune 

    Cap News (4) 

    LewRockwell.com 

    Sprotspickle.com (4) 

    ChristWire.org (4) 

    Liberal America 

    The Blaze 

    Chronicle.su 

    LibertyTalk.fm 

    The Free Thought Project (3) 

    CivicTribune.com (1) 

    LibertyUnyielding 

    Borowitz Report (4) 

    ClickHole.com (4) 

    LibertyVideos.org 

    The Onion (4) 

    CoastToCoastAM.com (2) 

    LMR/LibertyMovementRadio.com 

    The Other 98% (3) 

    CollectiveEvolution (3) 

    MediaMass.net (1) 

    The Reporterz 

    ConsciousLifeNews.com (2) 

    MegynKelly.us (1) 

    The Stately Harold 

    ConservativeOutfitters.com (2) 

    MSNBC.com.co (1) 

    TheDailySheeple.com 

    ConspiracyWire 

    (WideAwakeAmerica.com) (2) 

    MSNBC.website (1) 

    TheNewsNerd.com 

    CountdownToZeroTime.com (2) 

    Naha Daily (4) 

    TheRunDownLive.com 

    CounterPsyOps.com 

    National Report 

    TheUsPatriot.com 

    *Website Removed* 

    (temporarily) 

    NationalReport.net (1) 

    TruthFrequencyRadio.com 

    CreamBMP.com (1) 

    NaturalNews.com 

    Twitchy.com (3) 

    DailyBuzzLive.com 

    NC Scooper 

    UnconfirmedSources.com 


    DailyCurrant.com 

    NCT (New Century Times) 

    *Website Removed* 

    (temporarily)   

    *Website Removed* 

    (temporarily) 

    News Examiner 

    USA Supreme 

    Daily Wire 

    News-Hound.com (1) 

    US.Blasting.News 

    DCClothesLine.com 

    NewsBiscuit.com (1) 

    US Uncut (3) 

    DCGazette.com (1) 

    Newslo (1, 4) 

    VeteransToday.com 

    DerfMagazine.com 

    NewsMutiny.com (1, 4) 

    *Website Removed*  

    (temporarily) 

    Disclose.tv 

    Newswatch 28 

    WakingUpWisconsin.com 

    DrudgeReport.com.co (1) 

    Newswatch 33 

    Winning Democrats 

    DuffleBlog.com (4) 

    NewsWire-24.com 

    WitScience.org 

    DuhProgressive.com 

    NoDisInfo.com 

    World Net Daily 

    Embols.com 

    Now8News 

    World News Daily Report (4) 

    Empire Herald 

    NowTheEndBegins.com 

    WorldTruth.tv 

    Empire News (1) 

    Occupy Democrats (3) 

    ZeroHedge 

    EmpireNews.com 

     

     

    Endingthefed.com  

     

     

    Tips for analyzing news sources:  

    • Avoid websites that end in “lo” ex: Newslo (above). These sites take pieces of accurate information and then packaging that information with other false or misleading “facts” (sometimes for the purposes of satire or comedy).
    • Watch out for websites that end in “.com.co” as they are often fake versions of real news sources
    • Watch out if known/reputable news sites are not also reporting on the story. Sometimes lack of coverage is the result of corporate media bias and other factors, but there should typically be morethan one source reporting on a topic or event.
    • Odd domain names generally equal odd and rarely truthful news.
    • Lack of author attribution may, but not always, signify that the news story is suspect and requires verification.
    • Some news organizations are also letting bloggers post under the banner of particular news brands; however, many of these posts do not go through the same editing process (ex: BuzzFeed Community Posts, Kinja blogs, Forbes blogs).
    • Check the “About Us” tab on websites or look up the website on Snopes or Wikipedia for more information about the source.
    • Bad web design and use of ALL CAPS can also be a sign that the source you’re looking at should be verified and/or read in conjunction with other sources.
    • If the story makes you REALLY ANGRY it’s probably a good idea to keep reading about the topic via other sources to make sure the story you read wasn’t purposefully trying to make you angry (with potentially misleading or false information) in order to generate shares and ad revenue.
    • If the website you’re reading encourages you to DOX individuals, it’s unlikely to be a legitimate source of news.
    • It’s always best to read multiple sources of information to get a variety of viewpoints and media frames. Some sources not yet included in this list (although their practices at times may qualify them for addition), such as The Daily Kos , The Huffington Post , and Fox News, vacillate between providing important, legitimate, problematic, and/or hyperbolic news coverage, requiring readers and viewers to verify and contextualize information with other sources.   

    Bio: I am an assistant professor of communication & media, and this list started as a resource for my students, who are learning about journalism/social media/media literacy. 

    Update 1: I’ve received hundreds of emails with suggestions, very few of which are duplicates, so it will take me a while to sift through and verify them. I will add them as appropriate. (EDIT 11/15/2016 @ 3:42 EST: I have a list of sources, suggested by all of you, that will take me a long time to get through) 

    Update 2: Yes, I am considering further coding/categorizing these sources for clarity and creating a more durable/dynamic database. This is likely just step 1. 

     Update 3: Some people are asking which news sources I trust, and all I can say is that I read/watch/listen very widely, from mainstream, corporate owned sources ( The New York Times , The Washington Post, The Boston Globe , The Wall Street Journal , Forbes ) as well as The Atlantic, National Public Radio, and various local and alternative sources with different political perspectives, some of which are included on this list. The problem: Even typically reliable sources, whether mainstream or alternative, corporate or nonprofit, rely on particular media frames to report stories and select stories based on different notions of newsworthiness. The best thing to do in our contemporary media environment is to read/watch/listen widely and often, and to be critical of the sources we share and engage with on social media.   

    Update 4: A group of AWESOME librarians will be working with this list to provide more detail, examples of the news articles in question, etc. I will post what they make here when it is complete.  

    Update 5: It should be noted I’m not the first person to call out some of these websites. When I first started compiling this specific large list on Monday, some friends alerted me to many websites doing similar and great work, such as Ed Brayton ’s recent post at Patheos (I included many of the websites on his list after checking them myself if I was unfamiliar). I plan on providing more links to outside resources in the near future.  

    © 2016 by Melissa Zimdars. The work ‘ False, Misleading, Clickbait-y, and Satirical “News” Sources ‘ is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit  http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 

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    1 KOMMENTAR

    1. Lästips:

      Resumé (27 juli 2017): Granskningssajten Snopes i ekonomiska bekymmer

      ”Snopes ingår sedan tidigare i det faktagranskande nätverket Poynter’s International Fact-Checking Network som samarbetar med bland annat Facebook och Google.” … ”Nu berättar dock företaget på sin GoFundMe-sajt att de har svårt att hitta vidare finanisering. ”

      https://www.resume.se/nyheter/artiklar/2017/07/25/granskningssajten-snopes-i-ekonomiska-bekymmer/

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